Rome (Italian and Latin: Roma) is the capital of Italy and of its
Latium region. It is located across the confluence of the Tiber
and Aniene rivers. The Vatican City, a sovereign enclave within
Rome, is the seat of the Roman Catholic Church and the home of the
Rome is the largest city and commune in Italy and it is also one
of the largest among European capital cities, with an area of 1,290
square kilometers. The commune territory extends up to the Tyrrhenian
Sea, with the district of Ostia, on the south-west, located on the
shore. Within the city limits, the population is 2,669,873 (2005);
almost 3.5 million live in the general area of Rome as represented
by the province of Rome. The current mayor of Rome is Walter Veltroni.
With a gross domestic product of €97 billion in the year 2005,
the comune of Rome produced 6.7% of Italy's total GDP, the highest
rate among all of Italy's cities.
The city's history extends nearly 2,800 years, during which time
it has been the seat of ancient Rome, and later the Papal States,
Kingdom of Italy and Italian Republic (modern Italy). Rome is also
called "la Città Eterna" (the Eternal City).